Cauda

Cauda and anal plate

The last (10th) abdominal segment forms the tail or cauda. It is developed to varying degrees and the shape depends on the species. Just underneath is the anal plate and between that and the cauda is the anus.

Aphids feed with the head lowered, therefore the main function of the cauda would be to prevent the ²honeydew, a sticky fluid ejected by the anus, from flowing over the insect’s body (see the video). The aphids visited by ants generally have a short or weakly developed cauda as little by little the ants can collect the honeydew there.
The cauda does not become differentiated until the adult stage. Its form, colour and length are highly variable. It is much used as a criterion for identifying adult forms of the different species.The form of the anal plate is also a criterion for identification. Generally it is a single, complete rounded piece but in some subfamilies (such as Myzocallidinae, Saltusaphidinae) it is bilobed.

 

Cauda et miellat

 

Plaque anale

 

 Acyrthosiphon pisum (Type A)
Acyrthosiphon pisum : tête, cauda et cornicules de profil
Aphis nerii (Type B)
Aphis nerii, adulte aptère
Takecallis arundicolens (Type E)
Takecallis arundicolens : adulte ailé

 

Modification date: 14 June 2024 | Publication date: 23 November 2010 | By: Evelyne Turpeau, Maurice Hullé, Bernard Chaubet