The Solanaceae are cultivated as large-scale crops, with the production of potato and tobacco, but also as market-garden produce with tomato, aubergine and peppers.

The potato is ranked fifth among world farm production after wheat, maize, rice and barley. It can be consumed as it is, fresh or after preservation but it is mainly used after processing (deep-frozen, dried, in ready meals, for distilling, potato flour production and so on).

Tobacco is grown as an annual plant manufacturing cigars and cigarettes. To a lesser extent it is used in perfumery.

Tomatoes are eaten on all the continents and they play a very substantial role in human diet as a vegetable. They are grown as crops in open field systems or under shelter. Although some of the production is consumed fresh, much of it is used for processing such as: preserved foods, concentrated purée, sauces or juice.

Peppers and aubergines are also examples of Solanaceae produced in open field or under shelter systems.

All Solonacées are host to the same species of aphids.

See Aphid damage on Solanaceae

Frequent aphids

Aphis fabae
Aphis frangulae
Aphis gossypii
Aphis nasturtii
Aulacorthum solani
Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Myzus persicae 

Occasional aphids

Aphis craccivora
Aulacorthum circumflexum
Myzus ascalonicus
Myzus ornatus
Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon

Root aphids

Smynthurodes betae

In the Aphid key folder you will find simplified keys based on photos or morphological criteria to help you with identification of species

Modification date : 29 April 2024 | Publication date : 16 September 2014 | Redactor : Evelyne Turpeau, Maurice Hullé, Bernard Chaubet