Aphids

The different species of aphids

Nearly 4700 species have been recorded worldwide, 900 of them living in Europe. Here we illustrate their world, with a number of selected species that exert strong effects on agriculture.

Their fecundity is high, they have a diversity of modes of reproduction, compex life cycles invovling alate (winged) and apterous (wingless) individuals that exploit host plants. These strategies make the aphids a formidable force threatening the world of plants grown for crops.

For each species, you will find a files showing:

  • morphological characters; for some species also a detailed identification file.
  • life cycle(s)
  • host plants
  • particular characteristics
  • agronomic impact
  • range of natural enemies

The illustrations bring to the fore the full panoply of colours and forms to be found, in a living world that operates at such a small scale.
Although often green, aphids can display a whole spctrum of colours.
Some species even produce clones of differing colours (green or pink clones in Acyrthosiphon pisum, green or orange in Sitobion avenae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae for example).

Cavariella aegopodii : adulte aptère
Aphis nasturtii, adulte aptère
Neotoxoptera formosana : adulte aptère
Dysaphis pyri : adulte aptère

Cavariella aegopodii
(light green)

Aphis nasturtii
(yellow)

Neotoxoptera formosana
(black)

Dysaphis pyri
(purple)

    
 
Uroleucon tanaceti : nymphe 3, nymphe 4
Acyrthosiphon pisum, larves roses et larves vertes
 
 

Uroleucon tanaceti
(reddish brown)

Acyrthosiphon pisum
(pink and green colony)

 

 

Listing of Genus

Acyrthosiphon 

Corylobium 

Megoura 

Pterocomma 

Amphorophora 

Cryptomyzus 

Melanaphis 

Rhodobium 

Anoecia 

Crypturaphis 

Metopolophium 

Rhopalosiphoninus 

Anuraphis 

Diuraphis 

Mindarus 

Rhopalosiphum 

Aphis 

Drepanosiphum 

Myzaphis 

Schizaphis 

Aulacorthum 

Dysaphis 

Myzocallis 

Semiaphis 

Betulaphis 

Elatobium 

Myzus 

Sipha 

Brachycaudus 

Eriosoma 

Nasonovia 

Sitobion 

Brachycorynella 

Euceraphis 

Nearctaphis 

Smynthurodes 

Brevicoryne 

Hyadaphis 

Neotoxoptera 

Thecabius 

Calaphis 

Hyalopteroides 

Panaphis 

Thelaxes 

Callipterinella 

Hyalopterus 

Pemphigus 

Therioaphis 

Capitophorus 

Hyperomyzus 

Periphyllus 

Trama 

Cavariella 

Lachnus 

Phloeomyzus 

Tuberculatus 

Chaetosiphon 

Lipaphis 

Phorodon 

Tuberolachnus 

Chaitophorus 

Longicaudus 

Phyllaphis 

Wahlgreniella 

Chromaphis 

Macrosiphum 

Phylloxera 

 

Cinara 

Maculolachnus 

Pterocallis 

 

Modification date : 15 May 2024 | Publication date : 20 September 2010 | Redactor : Evelyne Turpeau, Maurice Hullé, Bernard Chaubet